• Thursday, June 9, 2011

    Know How on First Aid Provisions

    In order  to  determine  what  first aid  equipment and facilities are required,  an assessment of need must be carried out. The assessment should  consider the following:
      -  Hazards   currently  present  and  extent  of  the risks
       - Control  measures in place to reduce risks
        - Size of the practice, number of people employed and present at any one time
        - Individual  competencies of employees
       -  Accident  history  and  statistics,  any  patterns and trends identified
       -  Systems in place to manage health and safety
       -  The need for additional  facilities in the case of lone workers
       -  Exceptional circumstances which  could increase,  for example,  if construction work  is taking place.

    First aid box

    Minimum contents  of a first aid box include the following:
    -    General guidance leaflet
     -   Twenty  individually  wrapped  sterile adhesive dressings
     -   Two sterile eye pads
     -   Four  individually   wrapped   sterile  triangular bandages
     -   Six safety pins
     -   Six medium and two large-sized individually wrapped  sterile un-medicated wound dressings
      -  One pair of disposable  gloves

    First aid boxes must not contain  any medicinal products  such as tablets,  inhalers,  ointments  or creams.  If the assessment  of need identifies  that eye wash is required  then this should  be located at a designated  eye wash station.  First aid boxes must be clearly identified by a green background with a white St. George’s cross, and the location communicated  to employees. More than one box may be needed to ensure that  adequate  facilities are provided  according  to the number  of people employed at any one time. Boxes must be checked regularly  to ensure  that  contents  are not  out  of date and are replaced after use.

    Travelling first aid kits

    For dental professionals  who provide regular and routine  domiciliary  care for patients, there  may be the need for such a kit. The minimum contents of the kit should be as described earlier.

    Thursday, May 26, 2011

    Scope of Dental Forensic

    Human identification is the forensic odontologist's primary duty: Who is the victim? This involves the dentist as a team member working along with law enforcement agencies. This team is charged with the responsibility of investigating the evidence from cases involving violent crime, child abuse, elder abuse, missing persons, and mass disaster scenarios. In each cases, dental evidence produce compelling associations to aid victim and suspect identity and to establish facts that can affect the direction and ultimate outcome of investigative casework. Dental evidence can be used to identify both the people who were present during the commission of a crime or witnesses to an accident. The forensic dentist interacts with other forensic and medical disciplines like anthropology, pathology, human anatomy, and biological science. The best international source for forensic dental information and international forensic certification is available at Forensic Dentistry Online.

    Forensic dentistry (aka forensic odontology in Europe) has a two-and-one-half century history in the United States. It is the science and practice of dentistry and its role in modern society. Dental injuries from accidents or assaults must be assessed and treated. Occasionally, the treating dentist or attending
    forensic dental expert testifies in court proceedings for parties involved in civil litigation. Criminal cases use dentists to testify on dental evidence obtained from a crime scene or crime victims. Occasionally, a perpetrator of a crime leaves evidence at a scene. Bitten food, gum, or chewed objects may be recovered by law enforcement. Autopsy investigations may notice bite marks on the skin of a deceased victim. Dental experts also testify regarding the quality of dental care  (professional negligence) and in cases where dental fraud is an issue.

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